Determination of stress intensity factors in a thick-walled cylinder with multiple axial cracks using the energy based nite element method

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dc.contributor.author Kenneth Karanja Kiragu, Kenneth Karanja
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-15T18:29:20Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-07-19T07:42:45Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-15T18:29:20Z
dc.date.available 2013-07-19T07:42:45Z
dc.date.issued 2013-05-15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1808
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/732
dc.description A thesis submitted in partial ful lment for the degree of Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering in the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract The stress intensity factors at the crack tip in an internally pressurized pressure vessel with multiple axial cracks were determined using the energy based modi ed vir- tual crack closure technique. This technique was selected because it had been shown to give accurate results in determining stress intensity factors in at plates despite the fact that only one nite element analysis is required unlike in the virtual crack closure technique which requires two nite element analyses. Furthermore, the liter- ature sources that were consulted did not show evidence of the use of this method in determining stress intensity factors in cylinders with multiple cracks. The Ansys10 Finite Element Analysis software was used to obtain the nodal forces at the crack tip and the nodal displacements in the vicinity of the crack tip. The nite element hoop, radial and axial stresses along the crack face were found to be very close to those obtained using the Lame's equations for an un-cracked cylinder except at the crack tip where a region of stress concentration exist. The stress intensity factors obtained using the modi ed virtual crack closure technique for cylinders with a single crack were found to be very close to those in literature. However this was after assuming that the crack extends by 37.5% of the length of the nite element behind the crack tip. The same assumption was also found to be valid for cylinders with multiple cracks. The cylinders that were considered in this analysis were those with 1 n 100, 0.1 a/t 0.7 and 1.5 Y 2.5. Most of the stress intensity factor values obtained for both single crack and multiple crack cases were in good agreement with those found in xix literature with the error being less than 5% in most cases. It is anticipated that this work will form a useful reference material for owners of such cylinders, manufacturers, designers and developers of design codes. A lot of light has also been shed on how e ectively this technique can be applied to obtain stress intensity factor values in both single and multiply cracked cylinders. x en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Eng. Prof. J. M. Kihiu JKUAT, Kenya Dr. J. N. Keraita Kimathi University College of Technology, Kenya en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries MSC Mechanical Engineering;
dc.title Determination of stress intensity factors in a thick-walled cylinder with multiple axial cracks using the energy based nite element method en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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