Effects of Partial Replacement of Sand with Sawdust and Fish Scales on the Properties of Concrete Blocks

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dc.contributor.author Oluchiri, Timothy Ongino
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-14T08:46:27Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-14T08:46:27Z
dc.date.issued 2022-06-14
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost/xmlui/handle/123456789/5885
dc.description Master of Science in Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.abstract This study investigated the potential use of sawdust and fish scales as aggregates in partial replacement of sand in the manufacture of masonry blocks. Both sawdust and fish scales are by-products of industrial processes and are considered to be organic waste materials. The methodology used in this study comprised of analyzing the physical properties and compressive strength of the samples. The blocks were manufactured by replacing sand by sawdust and crushed fish scales combined in the following ratios of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% . Both sawdust and crushed fish scales were subjected to a pre-treatment process that involved washing and sun drying them for 24 hrs to remove all impurities and moisture content in them. In the case of fish scales grinding had to be done. Then they were mixed with lime to allow for compatibility with the cement matrix at 5% proportion. Tests for the compressive strength for the masonry blocks were done on the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days. The compressive strength of the blended masonry blocks was found to be 15.7N/mm2 at the age of 28 days which was found to be the optimum replacement level after replacement of 5%. The production of masonry with a replacement of up to 5% fine aggregates for the sawdust blend was found to be viable. This research therefore aims to assist the construction industry to achieve low cost housing by use of cost effective and environmentally friendly materials. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Prof (Eng.), Walter O. Oyawa, PhD JKUAT, Kenya Mr Mathew Winja JKUAT, Kenya en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher JKUAT-COETEC en_US
dc.subject Partial Replacement en_US
dc.subject Sand en_US
dc.subject Sawdust en_US
dc.subject Fish Scales en_US
dc.subject Concrete Blocks en_US
dc.title Effects of Partial Replacement of Sand with Sawdust and Fish Scales on the Properties of Concrete Blocks en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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