Effect of Pressure and Road Condition on Power Production By a Pre-stressed Piezoelectric Tire

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dc.contributor.author WAKOLO, SOLOMON WEKESA
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-22T09:17:21Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-22T09:17:21Z
dc.date.issued 2020-10-22
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost/xmlui/handle/123456789/5306
dc.description Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.description.abstract The need to develop alternative energy sources for road transport has been growing daily due to depleting fossil fuels as well as the need to control toxic vehicular emissions. One of the most viable solutions developed in response to these concerns has been the electric car. The current electric cars however suffer from reduced range (in comparison to an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicle of the same price). Therefore there is need to research on additional green energy sources to supplement the energy stored in the batteries of electric cars. This research sought to develop an additional energy source for electric cars by exploiting the fact that any vibrations and strains like the ones experienced in a car’s tire can be converted into electrical energy using pre-stressed piezoelectric elements.This was done by first simulating the vehicle tire behavior using Simscape software to model the kind of forces that would be expected at the contact patch of the tire when in use. This information was then used with COMSOL multiphysics software to establish the most suitable piezoelectric element size (in terms of thickness) to use with such tires. Equipped with this data, a trial tire with embedded piezoelectric elements was developed and tested in the lab before fixing it on a Nissan Wingroad DBA Y12 car for the testing. The power output under all the above different road conditions was analyzed in order to understand the specific behavior of pre-stressed piezoelectric tires in automobiles It was found out that each 25 mm diameter piezoelectric disc gives out a maximum of 0.5 mW of power. Using the NissanWingroad as the experimentation car with the maximum 192 2:65= 508 piezoelectric elements per wheel, it is possible to generate 1.1 Watts from the four tires at any given instance. The results from this research therefore can be used as a guideline in designing of future piezoelectric tires. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Eng. Prof. John Kihiu, PhD JKUAT, Kenya Eng. Dr. Kenneth Njoroge, PhD JKUAT, Kenya Dr. Peter Kihato, PhD JKUAT, Kenya ii en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher JKUAT-COETEC en_US
dc.subject Pre-stressed Piezoelectric Tire en_US
dc.subject Power Production en_US
dc.subject Pressure and Road Condition en_US
dc.title Effect of Pressure and Road Condition on Power Production By a Pre-stressed Piezoelectric Tire en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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