Show simple item record Irungu, Irene Waithira 2018-06-27T11:28:59Z 2018-06-27T11:28:59Z 2018-06-27
dc.identifier.citation Irungu2018 en_US
dc.description degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics (Financial Option) en_US
dc.description.abstract Volatility is considered as a measure of risk of financial assets which is vital for prudent financial decision of different stakeholders. GARCH models have been commonly used to capture volatility dynamics of financial time series, particularly in modeling volatility of stock returns and pricing of futures and options. Despite the generalization of GARCH (p;q) model to assume different model orders, GARCH (1;1) model continues to be widely used by practitioners when modeling volatility of financial assets returns. A key assumption of the GARCH models utilized is that the processes are stationary. This assumption allows for model identifiability. Financial asset returns, however, often exhibit the volatility clustering property implying that assuming one GARCH model is a poor fit. The IGARCH model may be perceived as a solution to this problem as the assumption of stationarity is relaxed and thus the model is able to model persistent changes in volatility. However, the IGARCH model is prone to a shortcoming where the behavior of the process depends on the intercept. In this work, change-point estimation is proposed as a solution to deal with this problem where observed non-stationary series is assumed to be composed of a series of stationary series. The main objective of this work is therefore to propose an estimator for the changepoint which is considered as the point in time at which the series departs from one stationary GARCH model with order (1;1) to another stationary GARCH model with order (p;q). Given that plausible values for the model orders p and q can be arrived at through inspection of sample autocorrelations and sample partial autocorrelations of a squared returns series, a change-point estimator based on the Manhattan distance xii of sample autocorrelation of squared series is proposed. The estimator is given as the first point in time at which the Manhattan distance is maximum. To facilitate the detection of multiple change-points, binary segmentation technique is applied to extend the single change-point detection algorithm. The asymptotic consistency of the estimator is proven theoretically based on some properties specific to sequence of stationary random variables with finite second and fourth moments. The limit theory of the process generating the estimator is also established. The general theory of the sample autocovariance and sample autocorrelation functions of a stationary GARCH process forms the basis. Specifically the point processes theory is utilized to obtain their weak convergence limit at different lags. This is further extended to the change-point process. The limits are found to be generally random as a result of the infinite variance. Monte Carlo simulations is used to examine the performance of the estimator when the sample size, size and position of change vary using the Adjusted Rand Indices. It is established that ARI increases and tends to one as the size of change increases irrespective of the sample size and of the source of change. Histograms are utilized to assess the sampling distribution of the change-point estimator. The research culminates with the application of the change-point estimator in pricing American options. Comparison is made between the performance of the fitted GARCH models and Black-Scholes model by examining plots of the option prices against moneyness. The fitted piecewise GARCH model, following change-point detection, gives higher prices compared to the Black-Scholes when the option is out-of-the-money indicating that the volatility dymanics affect the prices of options. It is therefore important for a investor trading in American options to consider change-points within the volatility structure of a financial returns series when choosing an early exercise date. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Prof. Peter Mwita Machakos University Prof. Antony Waititu Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher JKUAT en_US
dc.subject MODEL ORDER en_US
dc.subject CHANGE-POINT en_US
dc.subject GARCH MODELS en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Repository


My Account