Fruit Quality and Yield of Tomato as Influenced by Rain Shelters and Deficit Irrigation

Show simple item record Shao, G. C. Deng, S. Liu, N. Wang, M. H. She, D. L. 2018-02-19T12:23:52Z 2018-02-19T12:23:52Z 2018-02-19
dc.description Paper en_US
dc.description.abstract This study was conducted to determine the effects o f the combined use of rain shelters (RS) and deficit irrigation (DI) on tomato yield an d quality characteristics. Two experiments with different treatments were conducte d in the southern China during the growing season in 2011 and 2012. The crops were irr igated to field capacity once average soil water content at the 0-60 cm layer in the trea tment decreased to 80% of field capacity under open-field (T1, the control) and RS (T2), and 30, 40, and 50% decreased water of T2 as treatments T3, T4, and T5, respectively. The results showed that T2 increased the yield and irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE) by 13 and 11.5% in the two years, and improved fruit firmness (FF), total soluble solids (TSS), soluble sugar (SS), and vitamin C (VC) compared to T1. Under RS conditions, DI reduce d the yield, but increased IWUE of tomato relative to T2 from 25 to 52% in 2011, and f rom 26 to 41% in 2012. The effects of DI on fruit quality were generally the inverse of t hose on fruit yield. FF, TSS, SS, VC, organic acid, and color index were positively affec ted by DI. With regard to the rank of comprehensive quality index (CQI) calculated by the analysis hierarchy process and modified technique for order preference by similari ty to an ideal solution, it exhibited good fitness to the rank of single quality attribut es. The highest CQI was obtained in treatment T4 in 2011, and T3 in 2012. Keywords: Deficit irrigation, Quality characteristics, Rain shelters, Tomato, Yield. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher JKUAT en_US
dc.subject Yield. en_US
dc.subject Tomato en_US
dc.subject Rain shelters en_US
dc.subject Quality characteristics en_US
dc.subject Deficit irrigation en_US
dc.title Fruit Quality and Yield of Tomato as Influenced by Rain Shelters and Deficit Irrigation en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US

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