A general Purpose Image-Based Electors Smart Card Using an Enhanced Least Significant Bit Steganographic Method for Information Hiding: A case study of the Kenyan Electoral Process.

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dc.contributor.author Kamau, Gabriel Macharia
dc.contributor.author Kimani, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Mwangi, Waweru
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-23T09:45:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-23T09:45:55Z
dc.date.issued 2017-05-23
dc.identifier.issn 1694-0784
dc.identifier.uri https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/32ba/3b586c2caa947637525a382e56d28000b4c6.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3145
dc.description.abstract To legally participate in any political elections in Kenya, one must of necessity be in possession of at least two documents i.e. the elector’s card and the national identity card. Both of these documents make use of the bearer’s face photograph and some textual identification information. The unprecedented growth in digital imaging and processing technologies have meant that, with little or no knowledge of the technology involved one is conveniently able to tamper with photographs and identity information on such documents resulting in cases of fraud e.g double registration and voting which have consistently marred our electoral process. In this paper we propose the use of a general purpose smart card based identification document during elections. The textual identification information of the card bearer and his or her biometric data are embedded in his or her face photograph using an enhanced, randomized least significant bit steganographic method. An experimental design was setup to determine the effectiveness of the method by comparing the original and the reconstructed images’ statistical characteristics to ensure that no notable differences exist. The experimental results show improved security of the biometric data and personal identification details. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Computer Science Issues en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Computer Science Issues;Vol. 10, Issue 2, No 1, March 2013
dc.subject Biometrics en_US
dc.subject Steganography en_US
dc.subject Smart Card en_US
dc.subject Carrier Image en_US
dc.subject JKUAT en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.title A general Purpose Image-Based Electors Smart Card Using an Enhanced Least Significant Bit Steganographic Method for Information Hiding: A case study of the Kenyan Electoral Process. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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